DOT Submits Proposed Rule Change for HOS Regulations

HOS Regulations
Chao (John Sommers II for Transport Topics)

The Department of Transportation has sent its Notice of Proposed Rulemaking to reform hours-of-service regulations to the Office of Management and Budget.

Transportation Secretary Elaine Chao announced on March 29 at the Mid-America Trucking Show in Louisville, Ky., that the NPRM had advanced. The contents of the notice are not yet public.

“I can’t go into the details or the specifics for this proposal, but let me note that the department understands the strong interest in increasing flexibility and is giving it serious consideration,” Chao said. “We asked for your participation, and you participated.”

FMCSA Chief Ray Martinez acknowledged that he can’t prejudge OMB’s action on the proposal, but he expressed optimism that it will keep moving “on a fast track.” Shortly after Chao’s announcement, Martinez conducted a live interview with Road Dog Trucking News on SiriusXM Channel 146.


Martinez (John Sommers II for Transport Topics)

Martinez’s appearance at MATS marks the one-year anniversary of his time as administrator. He said events with truckers are vital ways for him to stay in touch with the people his agency regulates. “We’ve got to break down this feeling from the trucking community that we’re not listening,” Martinez said. “That’s not what the president wants, that’s not the secretary wants [and] that’s certainly not what I want.”

American Trucking Associations Spokesman Sean McNally said the group plans to provide comments on the proposal when it is made public.

“ATA is pleased that the much-needed review and reform of the hours-of-service rules has progressed to the point where a proposal has been sent to the White House for its review,” McNally said. “While we do not know what the proposal contains, we will be closely monitoring and participating in this process.”

The Owner-Operator Independent Drivers Association was pleased with the progress. The organization petitioned the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration in 2018 regarding what it deemed necessary changes to the regulations that govern commercial truck drivers and the hours they work and drive.

“We thank the secretary and the agency for hearing the concerns of our members,” OOIDA President Todd Spencer said in a statement. “We look forward to working with them on finalizing solutions that meet the realities of freight movement and truly improve highway safety.”

FMCSA officials combed through thousands of comments and gathered input on potential rule changes for months before submitting the NPRM to the White House. The agency published an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on Aug. 23 concerning the shorthaul HOS limit, the HOS exception for adverse driving conditions, the 30-minute rest-break provision and the split sleeper-berth rule to allow drivers to divide their required rest time in the sleeper berth.

The ANPRM garnered more than 5,200 comments by the time the comment period closed Oct. 10. The agency also hosted five listening sessions nationwide to gather industry feedback.

In its ANPRM, the agency sought answers from stakeholders in four general areas:

  • Should the agency expand the current 100 air-mile “shorthaul” exemption from 12 hours on-duty to 14 hours on-duty, to be consistent with the workday rules for longhaul truck drivers?
  • Is there adequate flexibility in the adverse driving exception that currently expands driving time by up to two hours?
  • If the 30-minute rest break after eight hours of driving did not exist, would drivers obtain adequate rest breaks throughout a daily driving period to relieve fatigue?
  • Do you have information that would support reinstating the option for splitting up the required 10-hour off-duty rest break for drivers operating trucks with sleeper-berth compartments?

During remarks at American Trucking Associations’ Management Conference & Exhibition on Oct. 28, FMCSA Chief Counsel Jim Mullen said that the majority of respondents recommended eliminating the 30-minute rest break. Mullen noted many drivers claimed they don’t mind taking 30-minute breaks but would rather not be told when to take them.

READ MORE: Industry comments lean toward adjusting HOS rules, FMCSA's Jim Mullen notes

Commenters also responded in favor of allowing drivers to divide their rest time in a sleeper berth instead of resting for 10 hours straight. The top vote among responders was for dividing rest hours into a 5/5 split.

Mullen acknowledged the plethora of sleep studies, which run the gamut of defending both long, restorative rest and short sleep breaks. A recent analysis from the American Transportation Research Institute supports this idea, suggesting that certain “innovative HOS concepts” could help drivers avoid congestion by taking strategic periods of rest.

The responses reflected a strong desire to extend the 100 air-mile “shorthaul” exemption to 150 air-miles, according to Mullen.

Respondents also supported adding two hours of driving time in the case of adverse conditions. Mullen said the agency also has decided to reassess what constitutes adverse conditions.

OMB now will review the proposal, which may take months. After the review, FMCSA will publish the NPRM and seek further public comment on possible rule changes.

“What I heard was everybody was happy that we’re taking a step forward,” Joe DeLorenzo, director of FMCSA’s office of Compliance and Enforcement, told Transport Topics at MATS. “But rulemaking is always about compromise. It’s also about another opportunity for everybody to comment. The first [ANPRM] was, ‘Hey, what do you think about these things?’ The Notice of Proposed Rulemaking is ‘Here’s a specific proposal on these issues. Tell us what you think about this specific proposal.’ ”