California Eyes Lawsuit to Block Kroger-Albertsons Deal

‘We Are Moving Toward Acting,’ Says Attorney General After FTC Meeting
Albertsons storefront
An Albertsons supermarket in Santa Ana, Calif. (Kyle Grillot/Bloomberg News)

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California is preparing a lawsuit to block Kroger Co.’s $24.6 billion acquisition of Albertsons Cos. on concerns the deal could hurt consumers and workers, Attorney General Rob Bonta said Oct. 12.

“We are moving toward acting,” Bonta told reporters in Washington. “Right now, there’s not a lot of reason not to sue.”

Bonta said he met with Federal Trade Commission Chair Lina Khan earlier in the day and discussed the deal. The FTC has been conducting its own review of the merger, which would combine the two biggest traditional supermarket chains in the U.S. The Kroger Co. and Albertsons Co. rank No. 4 and No. 5 respectively on the Transport Topics list of the largest grocery carriers in North America, which is based on tractor count. They rank No. 38 and 40 overall on TT’s Top 100 list of the largest private carriers in North America.

In a statement, a Kroger spokeswoman said the company’s acquisition of Albertsons would bring “lower prices for customers, secure union jobs and more food directed to hungry families, with 10 billion meals committed to people in need across America by 2030.” She added: “Only nonunionized retailers, like Walmart and Amazon, will benefit if this merger is blocked.” A representative for Albertsons deferred to Kroger’s statement.

The grocers have also said the deal would let them boost investment in online offerings. Kroger, based in Cincinnati, operates chains such as Ralphs, King Soopers and Harris Teeter, in addition to its namesake stores. The banners of Boise, Idaho-based Albertsons include Safeway, Acme and Jewel-Osco. In May, Kroger Chief Executive Officer Rodney McMullen said the company is committed to fighting for the deal in court if needed.


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Last month, the companies said they would sell 413 stores to C&S Wholesale Grocers Inc. in a divestiture designed to help win antitrust approval.

Bonta said that California is still looking at the proposed divestiture and hasn’t definitively decided to file a case.

The state could challenge the merger on its own, or it could partner with the FTC and other states on a lawsuit. California, which has the largest antitrust staff of any in the country, has filed its own merger challenges when federal enforcers have declined, notably joining with other states in an unsuccessful effort to block T-Mobile U.S. Inc.’s purchase of provider Sprint Corp. in 2020.

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“We are very concerned about it,” Bonta said of the Kroger-Albertsons deal. He highlighted the potential for higher prices, reduced choice for consumers, labor concerns and adverse impact on California agriculture.

Last month, Khan attended a listening session in Las Vegas about the deal along with Nevada Attorney General Aaron Ford. At the event, Khan reiterated her skepticism about the effectiveness of large divestitures like the one proposed by Kroger and Albertsons.

The secretaries of state or treasurers from 11 states have pressed the FTC to block the deal over concerns it could harm wages and hurt farmers and consumers. The United Food and Commercial Workers union, which represents several hundred thousand Kroger employees, publicly opposes the merger.