Building Resilient Communities Best Way to Reduce Risk in Disasters, FEMA Chief Says

FEMA Administrator Brock Long
FEMA Administrator Brock Long. (Susan Walsh/Associated Press)

The head of the Federal Emergency Management Agency said the extreme weather events that destroyed vital infrastructure this year in Texas, Florida, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands illustrate the need to build resilient communities.

“I cannot overstate the importance of focusing on investing in mitigation before a disaster strikes,” FEMA Administrator Brock Long told House transportation policymakers on Nov. 2 in a prepared statement.

“Developing resilient capacity ahead of an incident reduces loss of life and economic disruption. When communities are impacted, they should ensure that they rebuild infrastructure better, tougher and stronger to protect taxpayer investment and promote economic stability,” he said.

FEMA’s assertion that policymakers advance certain incentives to allow cities to invest in resilient infrastructure projects meant to withstand the impact of extreme weather events was welcomed by the transportation panel.

Several lawmakers agreed with FEMA that takeaways from the recent massive storms had to be the need for resilient rebuilding as well as cost-effective federal infrastructure investments.

“We found mitigation is a critical part of saving lives and reducing costs,” said Rep. Lou Barletta (R-Pa.), chairman of the Economic Development, Public Buildings and Emergency Management Subcommittee. “We must build in mitigation on the front end and ensure that, as the communities rebuild from these recent disasters, we’re building back in a way that will minimize damage in the next storm.”

The Transportation and Infrastructure Committee’s ranking member, Rep. Peter DeFazio (D-Ore.), added the federal government should encourage resilient rebuilding “so that we won’t be paying again, and again, and again for subsequent floods.” DeFazio also has urged the Trump administration to expand long-term investments in freight and passenger infrastructure projects.


The devastation in Toa Alta, Puerto Rico, after Hurricane Maria. (Gerald Herbert/Associated Press)

The hurricanes that struck the Gulf Coast in Texas and Florida and U.S. territories in the Caribbean damaged vital freight corridors, contributing to the slow distribution of commodities and supplies. Rebuilding efforts have been impeded because of poor access to roadways.

Meanwhile, House Transportation and Infrastructure Chairman Bill Shuster (R-Pa.) said he was traveling with a congressional delegation to Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.

President Donald Trump and Puerto Rico Gov. Ricardo Rossello (R), during a meeting in the White House, touted the administration’s emergency response at the commonwealth. Federal agencies have aided officials with funding for critical freight corridors, shelters and food distribution.

However, for several weeks San Juan, Puerto Rico, Mayor Carmen Yulín Cruz (D) has strongly criticized the emergency response. “We are in a humanitarian crisis and we have to do everything we can to stop before we hit a health crisis,” the mayor said in a recent video that Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) posted on social media.

Last month, Trump signed into law a $36.5 billion disaster relief package aimed at assisting residents coping with natural disasters. That included $18.7 billion for FEMA’s disaster relief fund, $16 billion for the national flood insurance program and $576.5 million to help West Coast communities dealing with wildfires.