US Taps Strategic Reserve for 13.4 Million Barrels of Oil

Crude oil pipelines at the U.S. Department of Energy's Bryan Mound Strategic Petroleum Reserve in Freeport, Texas.
Crude oil pipelines at the U.S. Department of Energy's Bryan Mound Strategic Petroleum Reserve in Freeport, Texas. (Luke Sharrett/Bloomberg News)

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The U.S. Department of Energy announced the loan of 13.4 million barrels of crude oil from its strategic reserve as part of a renewed effort by the Biden administration to contain oil prices that have surged to their highest level since 2014.

The awards to seven companies — part of a previously announced move — mark the second-largest exchange of oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve ever, and bring the total amount of oil released from the cache to nearly 40 million barrels, according to the Energy Department.

The awards are a part of a plan announced in November by President Joe Biden to release 50 million barrels from the SPR in a move coordinated with India, Japan, South Korea and China that marked an unprecedented effort to reduce prices and ease OPEC’s stranglehold on supply.

U.S. crude prices are now higher than they were in October, when the Biden administration began touting plans to release the country’s emergency reserves. This year alone, benchmark West Texas Intermediate crude oil prices have gained more than 13% as demand recovery continues to outpace available supply.


The surge threatens the U.S. economic rebound and poses political risks for Biden’s presidency and the ability of Democrats to retain control of Congress in elections later this year.

OPEC and its allies have been falling short of meeting monthly quotas that were part of a plan to boost production. Some of its members have endured setbacks from unrest that had disrupted output, including Libya, Nigeria and Kazakhstan.

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Prior to this award, the agency had awarded over 8 million barrels of strategic reserve oil as part of the exchange program that had offered a total of 32 million. Awardees of this loan program are expected to return the barrels during 2022-2024. In a separate offer, the Biden administration had sold 18.1 million barrels of SPR crude for delivery over February and March.

Last week Biden pledged to continue efforts to lower oil prices, noting the White House was “trying to increase oil supplies that are available.”

The participants in the exchange are Shell Trading US Co. (4.2 million barrels), Trafigura Trading (3 million barrels), Phillips 66 Co. (2.3 million barrels), Macquarie Commodities Trading SA (2 million barrels), Chevron Corp. (0.885 million barrels), ExxonMobil Oil Corp. (0.515 million barrels) and BP Products North America Inc. (0.5 million barrels).