Thanksgiving Travel to Challenge Airlines as Demand Returns

Thanksgiving Travel to Challenge Airlines as Demand Returns
Travelers wait in line to go through security at San Francisco International Airport. (David Paul Morris/Bloomberg)

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Air traffic for the Thanksgiving holiday is expected to approach pre-pandemic levels and travelers are likely considering their plans with some dread, given fresh memories about thousands of canceled flights.

“The process of getting there is going to be difficult,” said Stephen Beck, founder of management consulting firm CG42. “We’re going to have to prepare ourselves for the frustration that lies ahead. That’s generally where the average consumer is.”

U.S. airlines say they’re prepared for what looks to be the busiest holiday travel period since the COVID-19 pandemic began.

“We’re ready for it and excited about it,” said Doug Parker, CEO of American Airlines Group Inc. Most planes across the industry will be near full capacity, he said last week at an online forum hosted by the Skift trade publication.


“People are wanting to travel, wanting to go see family over the holiday or travel over the holiday,” Parker said. “It’s going to be a busy travel season.”

Roughly 2 million people a day are projected to fly from Nov. 19 through Nov. 28, according to the Transportation Security Administration, with the potential for some days to exceed that average dramatically. Passenger traffic for the last five days of that period would be just 9% below 2019, before the pandemic hit, according to nonprofit travel group AAA.

More than 2.24 million passengers passed through screening at U.S. airports on Nov. 19 — more than at any time since the pandemic erupted in March 2020, according to the TSA. Nov. 21 marked the fourth straight day with volumes above 2 million. Levels over the past week averaged 86.5% of the period in 2019, the agency said.

United Airlines Holdings Inc. expects to fly more than 4.5 million passengers, about 88% of its 2019 level, from Nov. 19 through Nov. 30. Delta Air Lines Inc. anticipates flying around the same level, carrying at least 5.6 million customers.

American and Southwest Airlines Co. didn’t provide similar projections, but they’re the airlines that consumers might be most concerned about, after the carriers were wracked by cancellations last month. Storms combined with staffing shortages after the carriers resumed service too enthusiastically from pandemic lows, meaning thousands of flights had to be scrubbed.

Both companies have since reduced flying, brought workers back from leave, hired new ones and offered incentives in the hopes employees won’t miss work over the holidays.

United CEO Scott Kirby said on Bloomberg Television that he’s “confident” the carrier is fully staffed for the holiday crunch and won’t experience operational problems.


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Unions also say they’re prepared, assuming meteorological forces cooperate. “It’s really important for people to remember what they knew about airline travel two years ago,” said Sara Nelson, president of the 50,000-member Association of Flight Attendants-CWA. “If there’s weather, we’re going to see delays.”

Would-be travelers seem optimistic. Tickets sold in the U.S. for domestic and international trips during the 14-day Thanksgiving travel period were 11% below where they were in 2019, according to Nov. 14 data from the Airlines for America lobbying group.

“People aren’t going to be deterred by the possibilities of storms and delays,” said Christie Hudson, a spokesperson for travel services provider Expedia Group Inc. “The pent-up demand is a huge factor, especially if you didn’t get to see your grandparents or family members last year or had to cancel trips earlier this year. Our mentality now is, ‘Screw it, I’m going.’ ”

U.S. travel was mostly on schedule Nov. 22. But weather and typical holiday travel snags aside, there are reasons to be particularly wary this year.

The nationwide labor shortage and tight staffing that’s lingered from the depths of the pandemic have left many airport employees and flight crews stressed from working heavy overtime. Airline workers also have had to contend with a spate of belligerent passengers amid the pandemic.

Also, the busy run-up to the holiday coincides with a Nov. 22 deadline for federal workers, which includes airport security screeners, to get COVID-19 vaccinations. Many TSA officers haven’t gotten the shots, according to Hydrick Thomas, president of the American Federation of Government Employees union division that represents frontline TSA workers.

The agency, which has just completed a hiring surge, and the union said they don’t anticipate disruptions. Federal guidelines allow for gradual measures to ensure vaccination compliance so there won’t be mass firings during Thanksgiving week or immediately after, the TSA said. The agency said Nov. 22 that 93% of employees comply with mandate and exemption requirements.

Even if there are longer security lines and flight delays, some travelers won’t be fazed because they can build in extra travel time, taking advantage of the pandemic’s shift toward more workplace flexibility.

That allows people to take longer breaks from the office to avoid peak travel days, said Mike Daher, a transportation and hospitality consultant for Deloitte. About 75% of travelers plan to add at least one day to their holiday trip because they can work on the road, according to a recent Deloitte study.

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