Strike Halts All Shipping on St. Lawrence Seaway

Great Lakes Clogged; Canadians Order Mediation
Unifor strikers
Striking St. Lawrence Seaway workers picket outside the St. Lambert Lock in St. Lambert, Quebec, Oct. 23. (Graham Hughes/The Canadian Press via Associated Press)

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MINNEAPOLIS — A strike has shut down all shipping on the St. Lawrence Seaway, interrupting exports of grain and other goods from Canada and the United States via the Great Lakes to the rest of the world.

About 360 workers in Ontario and Quebec with Unifor, Canada’s largest private-sector union, walked out early Oct. 22 in a dispute over wages with the St. Lawrence Seaway Management Corp. The strike has shut down 13 locks between Lake Erie and Montreal, bottling up ships in the Great Lakes and preventing more ships from coming in.

The St. Lawrence Seaway and Great Lakes are part of a system of locks, canals, rivers and lakes that stretches more than 2,300 miles from the Atlantic Ocean to the western tip of Lake Superior in Minnesota and Wisconsin. It carried over $12 billion worth of cargo last year. Ships that travel it include oceangoing “salties” and “lakers” that stick to the lakes.

It’s the first time that a strike has shut down the vital shipping artery since 1968. Before the union walked out, it said they were still “1,000 nautical miles apart on wages” despite several months of negotiations.

The strike was in its third day Oct. 24 when the Canadian government ordered both sides to return Oct. 27 to the bargaining table with a federal mediator. U.S. officials are pushing the Canadian government and the Seaway corporation for a settlement.

“We have grain that feeds the world that’s not moving. We have salt that goes on winter roads for safety that’s not moving. We have iron ore for steelmaking that’s not moving,” said Jason Card, spokesman for the binational Chamber of Marine Commerce in Ottawa.

The Federal Kivalina docked near Detroit

The Federal Kivalina docked near Detroit on Oct. 25. (Paul Sancya/Associated Press)

Officials with Seaway management and the union did not respond to messages seeking comment. Management has asked the Canadian government to invoke a law to let ships carrying grain transit the system, but so far it has declined to intervene.

“Unifor will comply with the call to mediation and will continue to support our members on the picket line while talks take place,” the union said in a statement.

Management said in a separate statement that it was committed to negotiating a fair wage agreement but that it wasn’t ready for something comparable to the big increases that Unifor recently won from some automakers. It said the situations are “vastly different” and that Seaway workers have negotiated wage increases well over the rate of inflation during the past 20 years.

It’s unclear precisely how many oceangoing ships are stuck inside or outside the system. When the strike began, seaway management said more than 100 vessels outside the system were affected, but that number was expected to grow as the strike progressed.

The website on Oct. 26 showed numerous oceangoing ships were still inside the system. A major bottleneck is the closed Welland Canal in Ontario. Around 25 ships — salties and lakers — were anchored outside the Lake Ontario and Lake Erie entrances.

A U.S. Navy warship, the littoral combat ship USS Marinette, was supposed to leave Cleveland via Lake Erie on Oct. 23, but remains stuck.

Other stranded ships included five at the major grain port of Thunder Bay, Ontario, on Lake Superior and two docked on the Detroit River between lakes Huron and Erie. They won’t be able to get past Lake Erie until the Seaway reopens.

Shipments within the four Great Lakes from Superior to Erie, such as iron ore and coal, can still go through.

John Jamian, director of operations for the Port of Detroit, said the strike has already affected eight ships that were bound for Detroit, ships carrying steel coils and slab steel for the auto industry and cement for the construction industry. And he said the number could grow.

John Jamian


“Bear in mind each one of those ships holds a lot of tonnage. Those ships are not coming into the system,” Jamian said. “I know one is still in Europe with cargo and destined for Detroit. She’s in a holding pattern.”

The strike has also worried officials in the Twin Ports of Duluth, Minn., and Superior, Wis., where the Cyprus-flagged, Polish-run Isadora departed Oct. 23 with a load of grain for Algeria. showed that it was headed into Lake Erie, but it can go no farther without a resolution.

“There’s always a tremendous amount of shipping activity in the fourth quarter with it being peak harvest season, so this is an especially bad time of year for any interruption of seaway operations,” said Jayson Hron, spokesman for the Duluth Seaway Port Authority. “It really has cascading effects through the entire St. Lawrence Seaway-Great Lakes shipping system.”

Hron said a few more salties that are already in the lakes are expected to arrive in the next few days, but what happens to them after they load and depart is a question.

“North America’s main inland trade corridor should not be used as a labor dispute pawn,” Hron said. “And so Great Lakes ports and unions are urging the Canadian government to intercede directly and hasten a resolution to this dispute that reopens the seaway to full function immediately.”

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