Montana Nixes GOP Plan That Targeted Tester’s Senate Seat

Proposal to Change 2024 Primary Rules Shelved
Montana Sen. Jon Tester
Tester is a CDL holder who still drives a truck on his farm, and shows continuing support of the industry. (Patrick Semansky/Associated Press)

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BILLINGS, Mont. — A proposed change to next year’s Montana U.S. Senate primary that could have hurt Democratic Sen. Jon Tester’s reelection chances is likely dead after a state legislative committee shelved the GOP-backed measure April 19.

Some Republican lawmakers, urged on by a GOP lobbyist, wanted to alter Montana’s 2024 Senate primary so that only the top two candidates, no matter their party, would advance to the November election.

That would have effectively blocked out third-party candidates, who Republicans blamed for draining away potential GOP votes during past attempts to unseat Tester.

Control of the Senate will be in play during next year’s election and Tester’s seat is one of several that Democrats are defending in Republican-leaning states.

Tester is a commercial driver license holder whose continuing support of the trucking industry has included support for the Truck Parking Safety Improvement Act, the introduction of the DRIVE-Safe Act to address the shortage of truck parking, and efforts to relieve truck drivers of the vaccine mandate during the COVID-19 pandemic.

The race’s national importance fueled outrage over the bid to change the primary rules. Critics including Democratic lawmakers and representatives of the Libertarian party blasted it as a blatant attempt to rig the election.

Montana Rep. Greg Frazer


After Rep. Gregory Frazer moved to table the bill during an April 19 meeting of the House State Administration Committee, all but one of the committee’s Republicans joined all of the Democrats to shelve it.

“I have had a lot of my folks from back home reach out to me and ask me to vote no on this — a lot more than what I thought. It’s actually been pretty interesting,” said Frazer, a Republican from Deer Lodge.

Someone could make a motion on the floor of the House to revive the bill, but that’s considered unlikely given the definitive vote.

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The bill’s Republican sponsor said he wanted to stop the GOP and Democrats alike from trying to manipulate elections by stealthily promoting third-party candidates.

Emails included in the legislative file for the bill show that longtime Republican lobbyist Chuck Denowh helped shape the measure.

In late March, Denowh suggested that an early version of the proposal be changed so that it would apply only to the U.S. Senate and would sunset after the 2024 election, the emails show. The bill was changed accordingly.

State Rep. Kelly Kortum, a Democrat from Bozeman, said the bill had been pushed onto Montana by outside interests. He called it “an irresponsible way to change Montana’s election laws."

“A broad coalition of Republicans, Democrats, Independents, Libertarians, and others across Montana publicly spoke out against the bill,” Kortum said.

The bill's Republican sponsor, Sen. Greg Hertz of Polson, did not immediately respond to telephone and email messages seeking comment.

Both major parties in Montana have sought to use third parties to their advantage in past elections.

During one of last year’s U.S. House elections, a Democratic-linked group in Washington, D.C., sent mailers promoting Libertarian candidate John Lamb as the race’s “true conservative” in an effort to peel away conservative votes.

In the 2020 race, the Republican Party bankrolled a $100,000 signature-gathering effort to put the Montana Green Party on the ballot and hurt Democrats' chances. The state Supreme Court removed the Green Party after hundreds of people sought to withdraw their signatures upon learning the GOP was behind the effort.

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