FMCSA Extends HOS Emergency Declaration Through May 15
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An extension into May of hours-of-service relief for motor carriers included an addition that covers transport of gases needed for refrigeration units, the acting head of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration said.
“The expansion of commodities was pretty limited,” said James Mullen, acting FMCSA administrator, during an interview that aired April 10 on SiriusXM satellite radio. “We added liquefied gases, liquid CO2. These are liquid gases used in refrigeration and cooling processes.”
He noted the move is based on rising demand. “There’s been a shortage of those liquid gases and also a storage issue, also an increased necessity for refrigeration, so we expanded the declaration to include those items,” Mullen said.
FMCSA issued a notice April 8 stating the emergency declaration, which applies to all 50 states and the District of Columbia, will remain in effect through May 15. The initial emergency declaration, issued March 13, was scheduled to remain in effect until April 12.
The initial FMCSA declaration granted exemption from Parts 390-399 of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations, which cover hours of service, parts and accessories needed for safe operation, and longer combination vehicles.
“Because emergency conditions have not abated, FMCSA is extending [the] emergency declaration and associated regulatory relief,” the agency said in its notice. “This extension of the emergency declaration addresses national emergency conditions that create a need for immediate transportation of essential supplies, equipment and persons, and provides necessary relief from the FMCSRs for motor carriers and drivers engaged in the transport of essential supplies, equipment and persons.”
The April 8 update adds the exception for liquefied gases.
Separately, FMCSA on April 9 announced it would allow third-party CDL test examiners who are authorized to administer CDL skills tests to also manage CDL knowledge tests without completing a training course for the test. Previously, a coalition of CDL schools, trucking companies, shippers and trade groups pressed government officials to loosen restrictions on CDL testing.
“If your DMV is closed you can’t administer the knowledge test to get your commercial learner’s permit, because every state does that through its state employees,” Mullen said. “The majority of states already permit third-party skills testers, so you can use that same group of testers and use them for the knowledge tests. Then, all the DMV has to do is open its back office to process the paperwork and issue the CDL credential.”
Mullen noted that 25,000 to 30,000 people nationwide obtain a CDL permit each month, numbers that are set to plummet because at least 22 states have closed their Department of Motor Vehicles amid the pandemic.
In fact, Mullen pointed to the DMV example as one that regulators and the industry can take as a lesson from the crisis. “Even things as simple as allowing third-party knowledge testing — things that, if there is ever another crisis, or even with technology just as it is today — these are the sort of things that should probably be permitted and more widely used,” Mullen said. “I think these are things we probably can learn from.”
More near-term, Mullen said the Trump administration is exploring expanded availability of coronavirus testing to drivers.
“It’s my understanding — although I’m not leading the charge on this, DOT is in a support role — my understanding is [the Federal Emergency Management Agency] is working closely with the relevant stakeholders and that they are coming to a solution, hopefully, here in the near future.”
He noted that FEMA and the trucking industry are cooperating on issues such as finding locations that can handle high-volume testing.
The earlier FMCSA emergency declarations provided relief for drivers providing direct assistance in support of emergency efforts to meet immediate needs for:
- Medical supplies and equipment related to the testing, diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19.
- Supplies and equipment necessary for community safety, sanitation and prevention of community transmission of COVID-19 such as masks, gloves, hand sanitizer, soap and disinfectants.
- Food, paper products and other groceries for emergency restocking of distribution centers or stores.
- Immediate precursor raw materials, such as paper, plastic or alcohol, that are required to be used for the manufacture of essential items.
- Equipment, supplies and persons necessary to establish and manage temporary housing or quarantine.
- Persons designated by federal, state or local authorities for medical, isolation or quarantine purposes.
- Persons necessary to provide other medical or emergency services.
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