China Port Congestion Worsens as Ningbo Shuts for a Week

A containership at the Port of Ningbo-Zhoushan in 2018. (Qilai Shen/Bloomberg News)

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The partial closure of the world’s third-busiest container port is worsening congestion at other major Chinese ports, as ships divert from Ningbo amid uncertainty over how long virus control measures in the city will last.

In nearby Shanghai and in Hong Kong, congestion again is increasing after dropping due to the reopening of Yantian port in Shenzhen, which shut in May for a seperate outbreak. The number of containerships anchored off Xiamen on China’s southeast coast rose to 24 on Aug. 17 from six at the start of the month, according to shipping data compiled by Bloomberg.


The Meishan terminal at Ningbo port was shut last week after a dockworker became infected with the delta variant of COVID-19. The terminal accounts for about a quarter of the port’s capacity, and it still was closed Aug. 17, according to a worker in the press office, who declined to give their name or any other information.

There were no updates on the wechat accounts of the port and the provincial government’s the morning of Aug. 18, and the city propaganda office didn’t answer the phone.

Local authorities are expected to “reassess” the resumption of operations at the Meishan terminal Aug. 18, CMA CGM SA said in an advisory to customers. If a phased reopening begins this week to tackle the backlog, a full resumption of operations may be possible by the beginning of September, logistics intelligence provider project44 said.

The world’s biggest shipping lines, including AP Moller-Maersk A/S and CMA CGM SA, are skipping Ningbo port after the closure, according to Simon Heaney, senior manager of container research at Drewry Shipping Consultants Ltd. The companies prefer to divert shipments to other ports rather than wait outside Ningbo for an unknown time while the COVID-19 outbreak continues, he said.


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Other ships are willing to wait, with 141 at a shared anchorage for the Shanghai and Ningbo ports Aug. 17, 60 more than the median number from April to August.

Traffic Jam

“We hear the backlog is getting bigger and the congestion is getting worse,” said Dawn Tiura, CEO of logistics industry association Sourcing Industry Group. “The disruption across ports is absolutely related. If you are buying goods that originate or move through China, you need to increase lead times or find another source of supply.”

The shipping industry has been plagued by disruptions this year that have created delays in global shipping chains and driven freight rates to record highs. Snarls have ranged from a megaship stuck in the Suez Canal in March to virus outbreaks in Southeast Asia and China reducing productivity at ports.

The backlog has stretched across the Pacific Ocean to the California coast, where more than 30 ships were waiting to get into port to offload, Bloomberg’s data shows. Elsewhere in Southeast Asia, anchored ships off Vietnam’s two largest ports rose to six above the median.

“Most ports are already experiencing congestion or delays,” Drewry’s Heaney said, “so any additional and uncatered for volumes will heap on more pressure.”

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