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September 17, 2018 7:30 AM, EDT

Ports, Carriers Step Up Efforts to Move Cargo More Efficiently

A Maersk Line containership at the Port of Los Angeles. GE Transportation is expanding a project that links data on shipments. (Patrick T. Fallon/Bloomberg News)

A surge in global shipping volume is adding urgency to ­efforts to increase the efficiency of cargo handling at seaports and inland waterways.

At the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach in Southern California, GE Transportation is expanding a pilot project that links data on shipments to port operators and rail and truck freight carriers and helps each of the parties to move cargo more efficiently.

SEE THE RANKINGS: 2018 Top 50 Global Freight Carriers

Since launching a pilot at the Port of Los Angeles in 2017, users of GE’s Port Optimizer software have seen a 12% increase in overall efficiency based on a combination of performance metrics, including quicker turn times for trucks coming into and out of the ports, a reduction in average dwell time for empty containers and improved scheduling of trains to carry goods away from the ports, according to GE Transportation officials.

“We’ve seen tangible results,” said David Casey, senior director of port solutions at GE Transportation.

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Instead of being forced to react to changes in shipping volume on a day-by-day basis, GE’s software connects users to a common platform where they can see, and prepare for, shipments up to two weeks in advance.

Having such information allows motor carriers more time to line up capacity and railroads to get better utilization of trains, Casey explains.

Based on results from the pilot project, the use of GE’s Port Optimizer is being expanded to all port terminals in Los Angeles and three of six terminals in Long Beach.

Another initiative aimed at improving the flow of ocean freight through the use of blockchain technology was launched in January by the Danish shipping firm A.P. Moller-Maersk and U.S.-based technology firm IBM.

More than 20 port and terminal operators have agreed to participate in a digital platform called ­TradeLens created by Maersk and IBM to capture shipping information, including arrival times of vessels, customs releases, commercial invoices and bills of lading. Also agreeing to participate in what will be a 12-month trial run of the data-sharing program are shippers, ocean freight carriers, freight forwarders, inland transportation and customs authorities, officials said.

Advocates for such a system say it could dramatically reduce the amount of paperwork involved in handling international shipments, reducing costs and improving the ability of port operators to add value to customers.

One of those testing the concept is Thomas Holt III, business development manager for Holt Logistics, a company that operates the Packer Avenue Marine Terminal in Philadelphia.

“We believe that blockchain technology will increase both information velocity and validity throughout the supply chain, unlocking billions of dollars in value for stakeholders each year,” Holt said in a statement announcing the company’s participation in TradeLens in April. “This technology represents the future of our industry.”

A containership unloads at the Port of Los Angeles. Some ports are testing the use of blockchain technology to improve efficiency. (Seth Clevenger/Transport Topics)

The U.S. Department of Transportation also is targeting inland ports for infrastructure improvements.

In August, Transportation Secretary Elaine Chao announced $4.8 million in grants for marine transportation projects in the United States, including $2.5 million for the Port of Baton Rouge and Port of New Orleans to purchase new terminal handling equipment for loading and unloading of containers on barges.

In the Northeast, Quonset Development Corp. received funds to offer a container-on-barge service between Brooklyn, N.Y.; Newark, N.J., and the Port of Davisville in Rhode Island. The new service is expected to take 83,200 containers off the road and relieve congestion in the Port of New York and New Jersey.

Other projects receiving grants include expansion at the Richmond Marine Terminal in Virginia, a ­ferry service across the Long Island Sound between New York and Connecticut and a container-on-barge demonstration project proposed by the Paducah-McCracken County Riverport Authority in Kentucky.

Along the U.S. Gulf Coast, port operators are preparing for a surge in production of chemicals and increases in fuel exports.

In August, Contanda Terminals (formerly Westway Terminals) announced plans to build a third large-capacity storage terminal on its property along the Houston ship channel. The new terminal will provide up to 3 million barrels of petrochemical and hydrocarbon storage capacity, a deepwater ship dock, and two barge docks along with truck and rail connections when com­pleted in 2019.

“This project meets the growing needs of our customers who have requested additional storage and logistics services to support their growth initiatives,” said Jerry ­Cardillo, president of Contanda in Houston.

Looking ahead, Contanda plans to develop another 350-acre site along the Houston ship channel to further expand storage capacity. The two projects together will more than double Contanda’s storage capacity over the next five years.


 

Pacific Northwest

Name of Port City Type of Freight TEUs Volume of Freight Tonnage
International Port of Dutch Harbor Unalaska Island, Alaska container NA 1,688,215
Juneau Port Juneau, Alaska container NA 771,140
Northwest Seaport Alliance Seattle container, break bulk, liquid bulk, dry bulk, automobile, heavy lift, special project cargo, refrigerated, passenger, air cargo 3,665,329 24,204,009
Port Nikiski Nikishka, Alaska liquid bulk NA 4,724,918
Port of Anacortes Anacortes, Wash. container, dry bulk, air cargo, special project cargo, passenger NA 10,682,558
Port of Anchorage Anchorage, Alaska container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, automotive, air cargo, passenger 460,678 3,215,121
Port of Coos Bay Coos Bay, Ore. container NA 2,088,259
Port of Everett Everett, Wash. container, break bulk, passenger 19,650 1,499,583
Port of Grays Harbor Grays Harbor, Wash. container, break bulk, liquid bulk, air cargo NA 2,307,901
Port of Kalama Kalama, Wash. container NA 15,370,094
Port of Ketchikan Ketchikan, Alaska container, passenger NA 824,416
Port of Kivalina Kivalina, Alaska liquid bulk, container, passenger NA 2,850,810
Port of Longview Longview, Wash. container, break bulk, liquid bulk, dry bulk, heavy lift, special project cargo NA 13,147,350
Port of Nanaimo Nanaimo, British Columbia container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, passenger 44,160 5,568,982
Port of Olympia Olympia, Wash. container, break bulk, dry bulk, heavy lift NA 1,271,809
Port of Portland Portland, Ore. container, break bulk, liquid bulk, dry bulk, automobile, heavy lift, air cargo, special project cargo NA 20,474,462
Port of Tacoma Tacoma, Wash. container, bulk, break bulk, heavy lift 2,100,000 25,711,848
Port of Valdez Valdez, Alaska liquid bulk, container, passenger NA 27,652,208
Port of Vancouver Vancouver, British Columbia container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, automobile, special project cargo, passenger 3,252,223 142,078,000
Port of Vancouver Vancouver, Wash. container, break bulk, dry bulk, heavy lift, special projects cargo NA 9,359,385
Prince Rupert Harbour Prince Rupert, British Columbia container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, special project cargo, passenger 926,540 24,177,812

 

California and Pacific Islands

Name of Port City Type of Freight TEUs Volume of Freight Tonnage
Hilo Harbor Hilo, Hawaii container, liquid bulk, passenger 47,875 2,158,236
Honolulu Harbor Oahu Oahu, Hawaii container, dry bulk, liquid bulk, automotive, passenger 1,204,568 13,727,392
Kahului Harbor Maui, Hawaii container, liquid bulk, passenger 113,725 3,858,176
Kalaeloa Barbers Point Harbor Oahu, Hawaii dry bulk, liquid bulk NA 10,225,588
Kawaihae Harbor Kawaihae, Hawaii container, dry bulk, liquid bulk 82,870 2,009,661
Nawiliwili Harbor Nawiliwili, Kauai, Hawaii container, liquid bulk, passenger 52,374 2,048,427
Port of Apra Harbor Apra Harbor, Guam NA 198,681 NA
Port of Hueneme Port Hueneme, Calif. container, dry bulk, liquid bulk, automobile, passenger 119,170 1,581,649
Port of Long Beach Long Beach, Calif. container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, automotive, heavy lift, special project cargo, refrigerated, passenger 7,544,507 77,813,233
Port of Los Angeles Los Angeles container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, automotive, heavy lift, special project cargo, refrigerated, passenger 9,343,192 62,615,644
Port of Oakland Oakland, Calif. container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk 2,420,837 19,051,970
Port of Redwood City Redwood City, Calif. container, dry bulk, liquid bulk NA 1,905,211
Port of Richmond Richmond, Calif. container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk NA 24,679,148
Port of San Diego San Diego container, automobile, passenger 132,566 1,574,868
Port of San Francisco San Francisco break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, passenger NA 1,585,377
Port of Stockton Stockton, Calif. container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk NA 4,290,145

 

North Atlantic

Name of Port City Type of Freight TEUs Volume of Freight Tonnage
Port Jefferson Port Jefferson, N.Y. NA NA 1,126,756
Port of Albany-Rensselaer Albany, N.Y. break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, heavy lift NA 6,656,435
Port of Boston Boston container, break bulk, dry bulk, passenger 270,881 17,183,060
Port of Bridgeport Bridgeport, Conn. NA NA 1,902,808
Port of Buffalo Buffalo, N.Y. bulk NA 787,187
Port of Camden-Gloucester Camden-Gloucester, N.J. container, break bulk, dry bulk NA 7,440,328
Port of Fall River Fall River, Mass. NA NA 973,531
Port of Halifax Halifax, Nova Scotia container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, automobile, special project cargo, passenger 559,242 5,010,735
Port of Hempstead Hempstead, N.Y. NA NA 789,672
Port of New Castle New Castle, Del. NA NA 10,595,745
Port of New Haven New Haven, Conn. container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, special project cargo NA 9,780,119
Port of New York and New Jersey New York container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, automotive, heavy lift, special project cargo, refrigerated, passenger 6,710,817 133,396,832
Port of Paulsboro Paulsboro, N.J. container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, heavy lift NA 18,469,855
Port of Portland Portland, Maine container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, special project cargo NA 5,817,486
Port of Portsmouth Portsmouth, N.H. container, break bulk, dry bulk, special project cargo NA 2,353,014
Port of Providence Providence, R.I. break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, special project cargo NA 8,064,097
Port of Searsport Searsport, Maine break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk NA 1,352,913
Port of Wilmington Wilmington, Del. container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, automobile, refrigerated 374,600 7,481,031
Port Saint John Saint John, New Brunswick container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, passenger 57,402 30,458,422

 

Mid-Atlantic

Name of Port City Type of Freight TEUs Volume of Freight Tonnage
Port of Baltimore Baltimore container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, automobile, refrigerated, passenger 962,484 38,837,979
Port of Chester Chester, Pa. NA NA 1,582,309
Port of Hopewell Hopewell, Va. NA NA 1,017,739
Port of Marcus Hook Marcus Hook, Pa. NA NA 15,692,302
Port of Penn Manor Penn Manor, Pa. NA NA 2,550,575
Port of Philadelphia Philadelphia container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, automobile, passenger 545,408 22,973,188
Port of Virginia Norfolk, Va. container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, automobile 2,841,016 54,047,937

 

South Atlantic

Name of Port City Type of Freight TEUs Volume of Freight Tonnage
Port Canaveral Brevard County, Fla. container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, automobile, heavy lift, special project cargo, passenger NA 4,826,738
Port Everglades Broward County, Fla. container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, passenger 1,076,893 24,227,425
Port Manatee Manatee County, Fla. container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, special project cargo 39,726 2,823,145
Port of Brunswick Brunswick, Ga. break bulk, dry bulk, automobile NA 2,374,831
Port of Charleston Charleston, S.C. container, break bulk, dry bulk, automobile, refrigerated 2,177,550 23,015,503
Port of Jacksonville Jacksonville, Fla. container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, automobile, heavy lift, refrigerated 1,033,068 18,519,505
Port of Miami Miami container, passenger 1,024,338 8,026,654
Port of Morehead City Morehead City, N.C. break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk NA 2,640,865
Port of Palm Beach Palm Beach, Fla. container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, passenger 282,290 2,382,153
Port of Savannah Savannah, Ga. container, break bulk, heavy lift, automobile, refrigerated 4,046,212 36,443,795
Port of Tampa Tampa, Fla. container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, heavy lift, passenger 56,555 35,318,559
Port of Wilmington Wilmington, N.C. container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, heavy lift 259,819 5,414,954

 

Mexico

Name of Port City Type of Freight TEUs Volume of Freight Tonnage
Port of Altamira Altamira, Tamaulipas container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk 803,222 NA
Port of Chiapas Tapachula, Chiapas NA 47,702 NA
Port of Coatzacoalcos Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz container 19,992 NA
Port of Dos Bocas Dos Bocas, Tabasco container 47 NA
Port of Ensenada Ensenada, Baja California NA 230,185 NA
Port of Guaymas Guaymas, Sonora container 16,031 NA
Port of Lázaro Cárdenas Lázaro Cárdenas, Michoacán container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk 1,149,079 29,791,045
Port of Manzanillo Manzanillo, Colima container, passenger 3,830,370 NA
Port of Mazatlán Mazatlán, Sinaloa NA 48,380 NA
Port of Progreso Progreso, Yucatán NA 91,318 NA
Port of Salina Cruz Salina Cruz, Oaxaca NA 2,304 NA
Port of Tampico Tampico, Tamaulipas NA 926 NA
Port of Tuxpan Tuxpan, Veracruz NA 9,180 NA
Port of Veracruz Veracruz, Veracruz NA 1,117,304 NA
Puerto Morelos Puerto Morelos, Quintana Roo NA 9,345 NA

 

Gulf Coast

Name of Port City Type of Freight TEUs Volume of Freight Tonnage
Helena Harbor Helena, Ark. NA NA 1,341,483
Hickman Fulton County Riverport Hickman, Ky. NA NA 975,059
Kaskaskia Regional Port Red Bud, Ill. break bulk, dry bulk NA 5,750,588
Matagorda Harbor Matagorda, Texas NA NA 4,896,638
Owensboro Riverport Owensboro, Ky. break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk NA 2,989,143
Pemiscot County Port Harbor Caruthersville, Mo. NA NA 974,000
Plaquemines Port Plaquemines Parish, La. container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk NA 56,780,632
Port Aransas Aransas Pass, Texas NA NA 916,985
Port Fourchon Lafourche Parish, La. liquid bulk NA 8,539,173
Port Freeport Freeport, Texas container, break bulk, automobile, heavy lift, special project cargo 85,540 19,635,949
Port of Beaumont Beaumont, Texas container, break bulk, dry bulk, automobile, heavy lift NA 84,528,063
Port of Biloxi Biloxi, Miss. NA NA 854,927
Port of Brownsville Brownsville, Texas container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk NA 7,275,272
Port of Chattanooga Chattanooga, Tenn. NA NA 2,061,878
Port of Cincinnati-Northern Kentucky Cincinnati NA NA 43,050,399
Port of Corpus Christi Corpus Christi, Texas break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk NA 81,981,061
Port of Galveston Galveston, Texas container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, passenger 33,752 9,880,157
Port of Greater Baton Rouge Baton Rouge, La. break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk NA 72,998,561
Port of Greenville Greenville, Miss. container, break bulk, dry bulk NA 2,508,370
Port of Gulfport Gulfport, Miss. container, break bulk, dry bulk 216,683 1,930,348
Port of Guntersville Guntersville, Ala. NA NA 1,863,528
Port of Houston Houston container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk 2,459,107 247,981,663
Port of Huntington Tri-State Huntington, W.Va. NA NA 37,401,755
Port of Iberia Iberia, La. container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk NA 2,087,308
Port of Indiana-Mount Vernon Mount Vernon, Ind. NA NA 7,713,026
Port of Kansas City Kansas City, Mo. break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk NA 1,517,347
Port of Lake Charles Lake Charles, La. dry bulk, heavy lift, special project cargo NA 56,045,838
Port of Lake Providence Lake Providence, La. NA NA 944,097
Port of Louisville Louisville, Ky. dry bulk NA 7,492,168
Port of Memphis Memphis, Tenn. break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk NA 12,184,332
Port of Mobile Mobile, Ala. container, break bulk, dry bulk, heavy lift 318,889 58,024,317
Port of Morgan City Morgan City, La. container, dry bulk NA 2,000,000
Port of Nashville Nashville, Tenn. NA NA 4,651,149
Port of Natchez-Adams County Natchez, Miss. dry bulk, liquid bulk, heavy lift NA NA
Port of New Madrid County New Madrid, Mo. NA NA 2,182,046
Port of New Orleans New Orleans container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, passenger 532,597 90,270,859
Port of Orange Orange, Texas NA NA 837,869
Port of Panama City Panama City, Fla. container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk 35,462 2,278,553
Port of Pascagoula Pascagoula, Miss. break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk NA 26,876,394
Port of Pensacola Pensacola, Fla. container NA 918,862
Port of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh NA NA 22,467,462
Port of Port Arthur Port Arthur, Texas break bulk, dry bulk, special project cargo NA 35,198,425
Port of Port Lavaca Port Lavaca, Texas NA NA 4,896,638
Port of Rosedale Rosedale, Miss. dry bulk NA 1,212,321
Port of South Louisiana LaPlace, La. break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk NA 261,898,079
Port of St. Louis St. Louis NA NA 32,150,906
Port of St. Paul St. Paul, Minn. dry bulk NA 6,231,998
Port of Terrebonne Houma, La. NA NA 3,194,762
Port of Texas City Texas City, Texas liquid bulk NA 41,260,475
Port of Vicksburg Vicksburg, Miss. break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk NA 2,412,454
Port of Victoria Victoria, Texas break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk NA 5,082,077
Southeast Missouri Port Scott City, Mo. NA NA 1,179,791
Tulsa Port of Catoosa Tulsa, Okla. break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, special project cargo NA 2,032,837

 

Caribbean

Name of Port City Type of Freight TEUs Volume of Freight Tonnage
Port international de Port-au-Prince Port-au-Prince, Haiti container, heavy lift, liquid bulk, dry bulk NA NA
Port of Boca Chica Boca Chica, Dominican Republic container 3,276 NA
Port of Bridgetown Bridgetown, Barbados container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, passenger 105,321 NA
Port of Cabo Rojo Pedernales, Dominican Republic container 0 NA
Port of Castries Castries, St. Lucia container, break bulk, passenger 37,226 NA
Port of Caucedo Caucedo, Dominican Republic container, break bulk 918,542 NA
Port of Fort-de-France Fort-de-France, Martinique passenger NA NA
Port of Freeport Freeport, Bahamas container, passenger 1,200,000 NA
Port of George Town George Town, Cayman Islands container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, refrigerated, passenger 50,476 NA
Port of Haina Occidental Haina, Dominican Republic container 444,745 NA
Port of Havana Havana, Cuba container, passenger NA NA
Port of Jarry Jarry, Guadeloupe container 277,922 NA
Port of Kingston Kingston, Jamaica container, heavy lift, liquid bulk 1,567,442 NA
Port of Kingstown Kingstown, St. Vincent & The Grenadines container, passenger 19,941 NA
Port of Manzanillo Manzanillo, Dominican Republic container 16,928 NA
Port of Mariel Mariel, Cuba container, dry bulk, refrigerated 325,328 NA
Port of Oranjestad Oranjestad, Aruba container, passenger NA NA
Port of Philipsburg Philipsburg, Sint Maarten container, passenger 97,991 NA
Port of Point Lisas Point Lisas, Trinidad & Tobago container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, automobile 168,723 NA
Port of Ponce Ponce, Puerto Rico NA NA 1,248,578
Port of Puerto Plata Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic container, liquid bulk, passenger 53,597 NA
Port of San Juan San Juan, Puerto Rico container 1,319,572 10,686,817
Port of Sansouci Santo Domingo (I. T. S. S.), Dominican Republic container, passenger 49,129 NA
Port of Spain Port of Spain, Trinidad & Tobago container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, automobile 258,704 NA
Port of St. John's St. John's, Antigua & Barbuda container, passenger 31,165 NA
Port of Tortola Tortola, British Virgin Islands container, passenger 11,177 NA
Port of Vieux Fort Vieux Fort, St. Lucia container, dry bulk, passenger 1,157 NA
Port of Wilhelmstad Wilhelmstad, Curacao container, dry bulk, passenger 98,278 NA

 

Central America

Name of Port City Type of Freight TEUs Volume of Freight Tonnage
Port of Acajutla Acajutla, El Salvador container 202,165 NA
Port of Almirante Almirante, Panama NA 18,261 NA
Port of Arlen Siu-El Rama Arlen Siu/El Rama, Nicaragua NA 6,893 NA
Port of Balboa Balboa, Panama container, dry bulk, passenger 2,831,893 NA
Port of Belize Belize City, Belize container, heavy lift, passenger 44,381 935,910
Port of Caldera Caldera, Costa Rica NA 264,371 NA
Port of Colón Colón, Panama container, passenger 2,464,440 NA
Port of Corinto Corinto, Nicaragua container, dry bulk, liquid bulk, automobile, passenger 150,007 NA
Port of Cristóbal Cristóbal, Panama container 793,941 NA
Port of Limón-Moín Limón-Moín, Costa Rica container, passenger 1,441,757 NA
Port of Puerto Barrios Puerto Barrios, Guatemala container 427,940 NA
Port of Puerto Castillo Puerto Castillo, Honduras container 109,992 NA
Port of Puerto Cortes Puerto Cortes, Honduras container 621,819 NA
Port of Puerto Quetzal Puerto Quetzal, Guatemala container 427,375 NA
Port of San Lorenzo San Lorenzo, Honduras container 25,460 NA
Port of Santo Tomás de Castilla Santo Tomás de Castilla, Guatemala container 568,025 NA
PSA Panama International Terminal PSA - Panama Int'l Terminals, Panama container 157,967 NA

 

Great Lakes

Name of Port City Type of Freight TEUs Volume of Freight Tonnage
Ashtabula Harbor Ashtabula, Ohio dry bulk NA 2,616,171
Buffington Harbor Buffington, Ind. NA NA 1,388,861
Drummond Island Port Drummond Island, Mich. NA NA 819,482
Fairport Harbor Point Fairport Harbor, Ohio NA NA 1,712,922
Indiana Harbor East Chicago, Ind. dry bulk, liquid bulk, heavy lift NA 12,216,800
Port Clinton Marblehead, Ohio NA NA 2,590,844
Port Dolomite Clark Township, Mich. NA NA 2,708,823
Port Inland Gulliver, Mich. NA NA 4,102,678
Port of Alpena Alpena, Mich. NA NA 2,131,421
Port of Calcite Calcite, Mich. special project cargo NA 4,658,479
Port of Chicago Chicago dry bulk, liquid bulk NA 16,423,651
Port of Cleveland Cleveland container, dry bulk, liquid bulk, heavy lift, special project cargo NA 12,422,548
Port of Conneaut Conneaut, Ohio NA NA 5,061,377
Port of Detroit Detroit dry bulk, liquid bulk, passenger NA 13,266,629
Port of Duluth-Superior Duluth, Minn., and Superior, Wis. break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, heavy lift, passenger NA 30,277,995
Port of Escanaba Escanaba, Mich. NA NA 4,576,446
Port of Gary Gary, Ind. NA NA 8,206,098
Port of Grand Haven Grand Haven, Mich. NA NA 1,302,407
Port of Green Bay Green Bay, Wis. dry bulk, liquid bulk NA 1,790,335
Port of Hamilton Hamilton, Ontario container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, special project cargo NA 9,869,660
Port of Indiana-Burns Harbor Portage, Ind. container, dry bulk, liquid bulk, heavy lift NA 8,595,269
Port of Lorain Lorain, Ohio NA NA 771,425
Port of Marine City Marine City, Mich. NA NA 941,241
Port of Marquette Marquette, Mich. NA NA 1,105,550
Port of Milwaukee Milwaukee dry bulk NA 2,465,166
Port of Monroe Monroe, Mich. NA NA 2,679,727
Port of Montreal Montreal container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, passenger 1,537,669 38,041,530
Port of Muskegon Muskegon, Mich. break bulk, dry bulk, heavy lift NA 883,788
Port of Sandusky Sandusky, Ohio NA NA 2,646,862
Port of Silver Bay Silver Bay, Minn. NA NA 3,399,616
Port of St. Clair St. Clair, Mich. NA NA 5,463,001
Port of Stoneport Stoneport, Mich. NA NA 5,751,199
Port of Toledo Toledo, Ohio NA NA 8,393,140
Port of Toronto Toronto container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, passenger NA 2,172,750
Port Saguenay Saguenay, Quebec container, break bulk, dry bulk, liquid bulk, passenger NA 295,930
Presque Isle Harbor Presque Isle, Mich. NA NA 8,789,657
Two Harbors Two Harbors, Minn. dry bulk NA 15,431,524