September 25, 2018 11:45 AM, EDT

Shipping Lobby Proposes Phased Start to Historic Fuel Change

A cargo ship spews black smokeGetty Images

The shipping industry is pressing for a phased start when new rules governing vessel fuel take effect in less than 16 months’ time.

Three trade groups and four countries where thousands of ships are registered made a joint proposal to the International Maritime Organization on Aug. 31 for what they called an “experience building phase,” according to a copy of the document obtained by Bloomberg. The suggestion, if adopted, would avoid individual ships being “unduly penalized” if they can’t get the right fuel.

The IMO rules will restrict the amount of sulfur permitted in the fuel that ships burn starting Jan. 1, 2020. While the measures are designed to make the industry less polluting, questions remain as to whether enough of the correct types of fuel will be available. A hard start to the rules could lead to safety issues as ships rush to ensure they have compliant fuel on board, according to the submission.

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The industry proposal amounts to “yet another attempt to delay IMO 2020,” said Nevyn Nah, a Singapore-based oil analyst at Energy Aspects Ltd. “If it is delayed, the IMO will lose credibility, and it will be unfair to the refiners and shipowners who have already taken actions to prepare for IMO 2020.”

Owners who deliberately flout the rules still should be penalized, said Lars Robert Pedersen, deputy secretary general in charge of environmental matters at the Baltic and International Maritime Council. The trade group, better known as Bimco, was among those behind the proposal.

Ity is incorrect to describe the document as an attempt to delay implementation of the rules, he said, adding that the main goal is to get clear guidance — and a pragmatic approach — for when vessels either inadvertently fail to comply, or are unable to purchase the correct fuels, he said.

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An IMO spokeswoman said it will be for the organization’s member states to discuss the proposal. There already is a provision for ships to provide evidence of why they couldn’t obtain compliant fuel, at which point it would be for a port state to evaluate if they could be excused, she said.

The document didn’t say how long the experience building phase might last. It was submitted by Bimco, Intertanko and Intercargo as well as the Bahamas, Liberia, Marshall Islands and Panama. It will be discussed at the IMO meeting Oct. 22-26.

“The goal is to gain experience in the use of these new fuels and to ensure that unsafe fuels do not enter the market in response to availability pressures,” the proposal said.

In theory, IMO’s protocols mean an amendment to its rules takes 22 months to be fully implemented. The new rules are due to start in 16 months’ time. Individual shipping companies and the refining industry have invested billions of dollars to prepare.