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NEW DELHI — Oil giant Saudi Aramco is buying 20% of Indian conglomerate Reliance Industries’ oil and chemicals business for about $15 billion, in a deal that gives it heft and diversity ahead of a long-awaited IPO.
For India, the deal amounts to one of the country’s largest foreign direct investments.
Reliance Chairman Mukesh Ambani on Aug. 12 told an annual meeting of shareholders that Aramco also will supply Reliance’s Jamnagar refineries with 700,000 barrels of oil a day on a long-term basis. The refining complex has a capacity to process 1.4 million barrels per day.
“This is the biggest foreign investment in the history of Reliance,” he said. “It is also amongst the largest foreign investments ever in India.”
The deal will help diversify the business operations of Aramco, which has been traditionally focused on pumping oil out of the Middle East. The state of Aramco’s operations and finances, which have been secret for most of the company’s history, is under intense scrutiny as investors prepare for the IPO. The company has started reporting earnings and raised money in a bond offering that has given a glimpse into its business.
Among some analysts’ concerns is that it might be too exposed to the business of pumping oil or to the political climate in Saudi Arabia, where King Salman and his son, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, have taken a much more active role in controlling power centers.
Aramco is the most profitable in the world, posting bigger profits than the likes of Apple or Exxon and making it a potentially interesting investment target. On Aug. 12, the company said it made $46.9 billion in the first half of this year, down about 11% from a year earlier due to a global decline in the price of crude oil.
Meanwhile, Reliance also will sell about half of its fuel retail business to global oil major BP for $1 billion. Last week, Reliance said it was forming a fuel retailing joint venture with BP in which Reliance would own a 51% stake.
“We have a very clear road map to becoming a net-zero debt company within the next 18 months,” he said. He said the company also needs money because it is rolling out fiber-based fixed-line broadband services.
Reliance’s deal with Aramco covers all of Reliance’s refining and petrochemicals assets as well as the remainder of the stake the company has in its fuel retailing business after selling 49% to BP, Ambani said. Reliance’s existing 1,400-odd gasoline pumps as well as 31 aviation fuel stations will be transferred to the new joint venture in which BP will hold a 49% equity stake. Reliance aims to expand the retail network to 5,500 gasoline pumps in the next five years, PTI said.