Industrial production surged in November by the most since May 2010 as U.S. assembly lines churned out more consumer goods and business equipment, signaling manufacturing is bolstering economic growth.
The 1.3% gain in output at factories, mines and utilities followed a 0.1% increase the prior month that was previously reported as a decline, figures from the Federal Reserve showed in Washington. Manufacturing rose 1.1%, the most in nine months, and output at utilities was the strongest in almost eight years.
The Fed’s report showed the biggest gain in consumer-goods production in 16 years, indicating rising auto sales and a pickup in retail purchases are helping factories work through a slowdown in global markets. More hiring, slumping gasoline prices and a jump in confidence add to signs of improving household demand and sustained output.
“November was a strong month for manufacturing and we should see that continue,” said Laura Rosner, a U.S. economist at BNP Paribas in New York and a former New York Fed researcher who predicted a 1.2% gain in industrial output. “With consumer demand and business demand strengthening together, it is self-reinforcing. The gain in production sets us up for a solid pace of growth next year.”
The median forecast in a Bloomberg survey of 81 economists called for a 0.7% rise. Estimates ranged from gains of 0.2% to 1.3% after a previously reported 0.1% decrease in October.
The Bloomberg survey median also projected a 0.5% gain for output at manufacturers, who which account for about 12% of the economy.
Capacity utilization, which measures the amount of a plant that is in use, rose to 80.1%, the highest since March 2008, from 79.3% the prior month.
Utility output jumped 5.1%, the most since February 2007, after a 0.7% drop the previous month. Last month was the coldest November since 2000, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. While no states recorded record-low temperatures, Alabama and Mississippi registered their second-coldest Novembers.
Mining production, which includes oil drilling, decreased 0.1%. Oil and gas well drilling dropped 0.5% after a 0.8% decline.
Production of consumer goods advanced 2.5% in November, the largest gain since August 1998, led by cars, electronics and energy.
The output of motor vehicles and parts increased 5.1%, the first gain since July, today’s report showed. Excluding autos and parts, factory production rose 0.9% after rising 0.5% in the prior two months.
Industry data show robust demand for vehicles. Sales of cars and light trucks rose to a 17.1 million annualized rate in November from a 16.4 million pace a month earlier, according to figures from Ward’s Automotive Group. Toyota Motor Corp. and General Motors Co. were among those reporting bigger gains than projected.
Machinery production rose 1% and construction materials output increased 0.5% in November, today’s report showed. Business equipment production advanced 1.2 %.
Recent reports indicate manufacturing gains are being sustained. The Institute for Supply Management’s factory index in November was at the second-strongest level since April 2011. Orders over the past four months have been the strongest in a decade, the Tempe, Arizona-based group’s data showed on Dec. 1.
Stronger domestic demand is underpinning factories. Retail sales rose 0.7% in November, the most in eight months, as consumers snapped up electronics, clothing and furniture, according to Commerce Department figures last week.
The industry still faces some hurdles. The outlook for other big economies has worsened. Economists surveyed by Bloomberg expect China to grow 7.4% this year, the weakest since 1990, as the country’s real estate and construction boom falters. In Japan, government figures showed the economy contracted 1.9 % in the third quarter.
Deere & Co., the world’s largest farm-equipment maker, in November forecast lower-than-expected earnings for fiscal 2015 as a slump in crop prices means farmers are buying fewer of its most profitable machines.
At the same time, Deere’s construction segment is doing better as the U.S. economy improves. Sales of smaller equipment to livestock farmers, who are benefiting from lower feed costs and higher meat prices, are also helping it offset some of the decline in large farm-machinery sales, the Moline, Illinois-based company said.