Purchases of previously owned U.S. homes rose more than projected in December, helped in part by warmer weather and wrapping up the best year since 2006.
Contract closings jumped 14.7%, the most on record, to a 5.46 million annualized rate, figures from the National Association of Realtors showed Jan. 22. The median forecast in a Bloomberg News survey called for a gain to 5.2 million. Prices picked up as inventories eased. For all of 2015, sales climbed to 5.26 million from 4.94 million.
The December sales rebound was driven by industry adjustments to new mortgage regulations that had delayed closings a month earlier. Strong hiring and low borrowing costs are drawing more prospective homebuyers into the market.
“Things are looking good for housing,” Stan Shipley, an economist at Evercore ISI in New York, said before the report. “Demand is increasing, and inventory is tight. The unemployment rate is down, mortgage rates are low and household formation is starting to rise.”
Bloomberg survey estimates for sales of previously owned homes ranged from 4.82 million to 5.5 million. Purchases slumped 10.5% to a 4.76 million pace in November.
A change in regulations that consolidated the closing process and the introduction of new forms that are processed by lenders and title companies led to delays in November, NAR Chief Economist Lawrence Yun said at a press conference as the report was released.
The data are “confirming it was delays, not cancellations,” he said. “All those rolled over into December.”
The median price of an existing home rose 7.6% from December 2014 to reach $224,100. For all of 2015, the median cost climbed 6.7% to $224,400.
While increasing property values allow homeowners to feel wealthier and make it easier for them to trade up, they make it less affordable for some prospective buyers.
First-time buyers accounted for 32% of all purchases, matching the highest since August and up from 30% a month earlier. All-cash transactions made up about 24% of purchases.
Distressed sales, consisting of foreclosures and short sales, in which the lender agrees to a transaction for less than the balance of the mortgage, accounted for 8% of the total.
The number of previously owned homes on the market dropped to 1.79 million last month. At the current sales pace, it would take 3.9 months to sell those houses, the lowest since January 2005 and down from 5.1 months at the end of the prior month. Less than a five months’ supply is considered a tight market, the Realtors group has said.
“A housing shortage appears to be in the cards” especially as the spring sales season approaches, Yun said. Meanwhile, “buying activity is very steady.”
Sales of existing single-family homes jumped 16.1% to an annual rate of 4.82 million. Purchases of multifamily properties —including condominiums and townhouses — rose 4.9% to a 640,000 pace.
Purchases climbed in all four regions, led by a 23% surge in the West. Demand increased 14.6% in the South and 10.9% in the Midwest.
Existing-home sales, tabulated when a purchase contract closes, account for more than 90% of the residential market. New-home purchases, which make up about 7% and are tabulated when contracts are signed, are considered a timelier barometer.
Prospective buyers may continue to face relatively low borrowing costs. Federal Reserve policymakers, who in December lifted interest rates for the first time since 2006, have said further moves will be gradual.
The average 30-year, fixed-rate mortgage was 3.81% in the week ended Jan. 21, the lowest since October, according to data from Freddie Mac in McLean, Virginia.
The job market has buttressed housing. A jump in December payrolls capped the best back-to-back years for employment since 1998-1999, one reason residential construction also improved last year.